health

Find out what Parkinson’s disease is, its causes, symptoms and how to treat the disease

Brazil’s inhabitants is growing old. According to the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), evaluating 2021 with 2012, the variety of aged folks has elevated in all main areas of Brazil.

As a outcome, discussions about the commonest ailments in outdated age are more and more current in folks’s day by day lives. Parkinson’s disease is certainly one of these ailments. It happens in folks over the age of 65 and is estimated to have an effect on 200,000 Brazilians and 8 million folks worldwide.

Neurologist Alex Baeta, neurosurgeon at BP – A Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo, explains that Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative, continual and progressive disease that impacts the central nervous system.

This is due to the growing old of the nerve cells that produce dopamine, a neurotransmitter that helps motor perform and makes it pointless to take into consideration each motion the muscle tissues make.

“An absence of dopamine, particularly in an space of ​​the nervous system known as the substantia nigra, leads to a lack of computerized and voluntary actions. This mind area of the central stem is liable for carrying dopamine to the middle of the mind, doing all the modulation and figuring out of the particular person’s motor system,” says Baeta.

The commonest symptom of Parkinson’s disease is tremors, however docs warn that not all sufferers exhibit this attribute.

“Disease is a set of indicators and symptoms. Tremor is certainly one of them, however there are circumstances by which tremor is tremendously diminished or doesn’t exist in any respect, which we name the rigid-akinetic kind, that’s, the affected person has rigidity and oligokinesis, which is a discount in computerized actions. The set of indicators is known as parkinsonian syndrome or parkinsonism,” explains the neurosurgeon.

The analysis is made primarily from the medical analysis of the affected person. Imaging exams might generally be used to verify the situation. A neurologist is the greatest physician to diagnose it, as a result of different ailments or sure medication may cause what is known as Parkinson’s syndrome, which isn’t Parkinson’s disease.

“There are quite a lot of completely different ailments and completely different causes can have the identical symptoms. But in 70% of circumstances it’s Parkinson’s disease. Sometimes medication simulate Parkinson’s disease, corresponding to these for vertigo and vertigo that many aged folks use… They can have parkinsonism as a facet impact,” notes the physician.

There are two forms of Parkinson’s disease: genetic, which is handed from guardian to baby, and sporadic, which is attributable to growing old.

“The sporadic sort is the commonest. We all age and have a progressive lack of nerve cells that produce dopamine. But some folks lose these cells extra shortly, decreasing dopamine ranges much more. It’s like an early demise with extra depth. , as every particular person has this progressive loss. Aging normally begins at the age of 40; the older the affected person, the higher the probabilities of growing Parkinson’s disease,” says Baeta.

Because it’s a degenerative and progressive disease, it has no treatment. But there are remedies to cut back its bodily results.

“There are many medication proven and our bodies normally reply properly to them. The medication exchange the lacking dopamine. In addition to the medication, folks want to do bodily actions and in some circumstances cognitive rehabilitation. bodily exercise. Those who do not have a worse evolution” , emphasizes the neurosurgeon.

There isn’t any means to stop the disease as it’s associated to growing old. However, periodic medical follow-up in outdated age is important. “The earlier the remedy, the higher the affected person’s evolution,” concludes Baeta.

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