health

Teen Day highlights the importance of HPV vaccination

The State Department of Health of Rio de Janeiro (SES-RJ) is taking benefit of Adolescent Day, celebrated at present (21), to advertise the importance of the multi-vaccination marketing campaign that ends on the thirtieth, together with HPV vaccination.

The HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine was added to the immunization schedule in 2014. The vaccine is the finest method to stop ailments brought on by the papillomavirus, similar to genital warts, precancerous lesions, and cervical and genital most cancers.

Nurse Gabrieli Damasceno, coordinator of epidemiological surveillance at SES, advises these accountable to carry their youngsters and adolescents as much as the age of 15 to rearrange the vaccination card in opposition to ailments similar to measles, mumps and rubella, diphtheria and tetanus. , hepatitis B , yellow fever, meningitis, hen pox and primarily HPV, which has a really particular age group.

“When youngsters or adolescents on this age group – ladies aged 9 to 14 and boys aged 11 to 14 – are immunised, they scale back the threat of cervical most cancers by as much as 70%, in addition to genital warts, as in ladies and male,” Gabrieli mentioned.

low indices

Vaccination in the state of Rio de Janeiro could be very low, not just for HPV, but additionally for all different vaccines, the coordinator admitted. “Because there isn’t any level in taking one dose. There are vaccines that have to be taken in three doses to have the full scheme, and others – two doses, as with HPV”.

The HPV vaccine is obtainable by the Unified Health System (SUS) and is out there at well being facilities. It protects in opposition to 4 sorts of virus: HPV-16 and HPV-18, each of that are excessive threat; and low-risk HPV-6 and HPV-11. According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HPV-16 and HPV-18 are chargeable for inflicting at the least 70% of cervical cancers.

In the state of Rio de Janeiro, the HPV vaccination fee in the first half of 2022 for ladies between 9 and 14 years outdated was 54.76% for the first dose and 33.27% for the full vaccination schedule. For boys, the percentages are 22.45% and 14.02%, respectively. “To guarantee that these youngsters are vaccinated by solely taking full doses of this vaccine,” he mentioned.

Gabrielli Damasceno reported that, in the identical means as with HPV immunization, vaccination in opposition to different ailments is under what is required. For measles, for instance, the first dose is about 40% and the second is about 20% of the target market. “Polio follows the identical sample. It will not be attributable to an absence of immunobiologicals, as a result of the Ministry of Health has despatched them and the RZI has handed them over to all municipalities”.

Streaming

HPV is one of the most typical sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and is normally transmitted by means of intercourse or sexual contact with an individual with the virus. The illness might be transmitted even when utilizing condoms.

The virus survives for a very long time on the surfaces of objects and subsequently may also be transmitted by means of objects or supplies utilized by contaminated individuals.

pretend information

Since the starting of August, SES has been conducting, in partnership with municipal well being companies, a National Polio Vaccination Campaign and multi-vaccination all through the nation. The marketing campaign supplies for updating the vaccination e book of youngsters and adolescents as much as 15 years of age, providing doses in opposition to measles, rubella and mumps (triple virus), diphtheria and tetanus (DT), hepatitis B, yellow fever, meningitis (meningococcal ACWY conjugate), hen pox and HPV.

According to the coordinator of epidemiological surveillance of SES-RJ, the proportion of vaccinated individuals is low as a result of pretend information. One such pretend information unfold on social media is that youngsters who’ve been vaccinated in opposition to measles, mumps and rubella have develop into autistic. “It has nothing to do with it. This anti-vaccine motion has considerably harmed vaccine protection,” he warns.

However, she acknowledged that the covid-19 pandemic drove residents away from well being posts in 2020 and 2021. In the case of measles, she recalled that Brazil is in the course of of re-verifying the certificates of elimination that was misplaced in 2019 .“Every day different vaccine-preventable ailments are being re-selected as a result of persons are not getting vaccinated. If we now have a vaccine, why not get vaccinated?” he requested.

Gabrieli additionally emphasised that Brazil is a world reference nation in phrases of the high quality of its vaccines, that are saved, saved and exported in any respect ranges of security, in order to not lose the validity and effectiveness of immunobiological merchandise.

“So there isn’t any motive to not get vaccinated.”

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